It is in first grade that 6-7 year olds build their foundation in various subjects and learn new concepts. 1st grade is a time of hands-on learning. It is a year to feel big with copying homework off the board and into planners. Students take test in all subjects and get real grades. They learn to read, comprehend and implement what they have learned. Students learn they have to listen, pay attention and follow certain rules. As well as learn there are consequences for their actions. 1st graders learn about each other and how the class works together as a little family. They know they are loved and in a safe environment.
Language Arts covers phonics, reading, spelling, grammar, and writing. The reading program combines all these together, so during a typical week, students work on certain phonic skills, that their spelling words are built around as well their stories for the week. SPCC has a strong phonics program where students develop a phonemic awareness of letters and their sounds. 1st graders build vocabulary with sight words and decodable words found in their stories. Students read everyday to increase their fluency and understanding. They work to build their comprehension and learn different reading strategies that are taught throughout the guided reading program each week. Every week they have certain grammar skills they learn and try to apply in their writing.
In Math students develop an understanding and can demonstrate the concept of tens and ones in the place value number system. They continue to develop addition and subtraction skills, gaining a deeper understanding of the concepts as they practice and gain mastery of these skills. Math manipulatives such as snap cubes, counting bears and different shapes are used to help students practice math using concrete objects. They learn to solve simple word problems, record data and interpret simple charts and pictographs. Many and varied math concepts are introduced such as: comparing and ordering numbers, counting and trading coins and learning to tell time to the hour and half hour. They learn to measure things by standard and nonstandard units and discover facts about shapes and their attributes.
In Religion, the goal is to help students to know and appreciate that God is their loving Father and the creator of all things. Jesus is the Son of God who reveals the Father to us through the gift of the Holy Spirit. Explore the concepts of being members of God's Church through the sacrament of Baptism and as members of God's Church they will become aware of liturgical celebrations and recognize the role of prayer in their lives.
In Science, 1st graders develop a deeper understanding of the needs and structures of plants and animals. They continue their study of weather by observing, measuring, and recording weather conditions regularly to learn more about day-to-day and seasonal changes. By participating in classroom discussions, students are able to discover and make observations, share ideas and evidence, and learn to reevaluate their thinking when presented with new information. Here are a few of the other topics we cover in our first grade year: our earth’s land and natural resources (reusing and recycling), matter, energy, pushes and pulls, and all about magnets.
In Social Studies, students study the geographical features of America, acquire map and globe skills as well as read about who was important in making a difference in forming our land and how our land was settled. We study communities and what makes a good leader as well as a good citizen. This is tied in with discussion on how we all have a role to play in our American economy.
In second grade, students are building on their many first grade skills in order to become independent readers, writers, and problem-solvers.
Language Arts consists of reading, writing, spelling/phonics, vocabulary and grammar. Students develop an extensive sight word vocabulary and apply more complex phonics strategies. Both of these skills will help us as they improve our independent reading and writing abilities. Students will read a variety of literature, including fiction, non-fiction, fantasy, and informational texts to deepen their comprehension. Not only will they learn to write in complete sentences and paragraphs, but they will be able to write reports, narratives, poems, and letters. In grammar, they work toward mastering nouns, adjectives and verbs in the past, present and future tense.
As students discover numbers in the world around them, they are able to master and explore many skills. Throughout the fall, our class focuses on becoming fluent in double and triple digit addition and subtraction. Later, they learn how to use money in real life situations, develop spatial reasoning in relation to geometric shapes, and apply various methods of measurement. In the spring, students are introduced to the process and reasoning of multiplication and division.
During Religion, second graders will further their understanding that the Church is a community of God’s people. They develop an awareness that everyone becomes a member of the Church family through the sacrament of Baptism; that people are strengthened through the sacrament of the Eucharist and are reconciled through the sacrament of penance. They are given the opportunity to deepen their personal faith through daily prayer and through liturgical and moral formation.
Second grade is about observing and appreciating God’s wonderful creation. Life Science includes, plant and animal habitats both on land and in water, life cycles, and the food chain. In Earth Science, students study space, constellations, planets, and how the earth and sky can change. Physical Science consists of forces and motion, and the law of magnetic attraction.
Social Studies offers 2nd graders an opportunity to investigate our amazing state! Georgia has a rich history rooted right here in Macon. Students discover the cultures of local Native Americans, events of how Georgia was settled, and what has impacted our growth as a state physically and economically. Georgia is a physically diverse state, with mountains, hills, valleys, plateaus, and plains all of which will be studied throughout the year. They get to know our community leaders and their roles in our city government and will explore historical sites throughout our city itself.